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Laser cutting is a highly precise and versatile method of cutting various materials using a focused laser beam. It has become increasingly popular in industries such as manufacturing, automotive, aerospace, and architecture due to its exceptional accuracy, speed, and ability to cut intricate designs. Here are some key aspects of laser cutting:

1. Laser Power: The power of the laser used in cutting processes varies depending on the material and thickness being cut. The power of laser machines is typically measured in watts (W) and can range from a few watts to several kilowatts. Higher laser power allows for faster cutting speeds and the ability to cut through thicker materials.

2. Types of Lasers: The two most common types of lasers used in laser cutting are CO2 lasers and fiber lasers. CO2 lasers are well-suited for cutting non-metal materials like wood, acrylic, and plastics. Fiber lasers, on the other hand, are better suited for cutting metals such as stainless steel, aluminum, and mild steel. The choice of laser depends on the material being cut and the desired results.

3. Material Compatibility: Laser cutting can be performed on a wide range of materials, including metals, plastics, wood, fabric, glass, and more. The suitability of a material for laser cutting depends on factors such as its composition, thickness, and the specific capabilities of the laser machine. Different materials may require different laser settings and parameters to achieve optimal results.

4. Precision and Accuracy: Laser cutting offers exceptional precision and accuracy, allowing for the creation of intricate and complex designs with fine details. The focused laser beam generates a small heat-affected zone, minimizing material distortion and providing clean, sharp cuts. Laser cutting machines can achieve very high positioning accuracy, often within fractions of a millimeter, resulting in precise and consistent cuts.

5. Versatility and Flexibility: Laser cutting is a versatile process that can accommodate a wide range of cutting requirements. It is capable of cutting straight lines, curves, angles, and even 3D shapes. Additionally, laser cutting can perform other operations such as engraving, etching, and hole drilling, further expanding its capabilities.

Laser cutting has revolutionized the manufacturing and design industries, offering unmatched precision, speed, and versatility. Whether it's for prototyping, mass production, or custom fabrication, laser cutting provides a highly efficient and reliable method for achieving precise cuts and intricate designs across a variety of materials.


A press brake, is a machine commonly used in metal fabrication to bend, shape, and form sheet metal. It utilizes a hydraulic or mechanical mechanism to exert force on the metal, causing it to deform and take the desired shape. Here are some key points about the brake press and its specialties:

1. Bending Capabilities: The primary function of a brake press is to perform precise bends in sheet metal. It can create various bend angles, from simple 90-degree bends to complex multi-bend configurations. The versatility of the brake press allows for the creation of a wide range of components and products, such as brackets, enclosures, panels, and structural elements.


2. Precision and Accuracy: Brake presses are known for their high precision and accuracy, ensuring consistent and repeatable results. They are equipped with back gauges and programmable controls that enable precise positioning of the metal, controlling the depth and angle of the bends. This level of control allows for the creation of complex geometries and tight tolerances.


3. Versatility in Material and Thickness: Brake presses can handle various types of sheet metal, including stainless steel, aluminum, mild steel, and even high-strength alloys. They can accommodate different material thicknesses, ranging from thin gauges to thicker sheets. This versatility makes brake presses suitable for a wide range of applications across different industries.


4. Tooling Options: Brake presses employ a variety of specialized tooling to facilitate different bending operations. The tooling consists of punch and die sets that are selected based on the desired bend shape and characteristics. With a wide selection of tooling options, brake presses can create different bend angles, radii, and forms to meet specific project requirements.


5. Efficiency and Productivity: Brake presses offer high efficiency and productivity in metal fabrication processes. Their hydraulic or mechanical power systems, along with programmable controls, enable rapid and accurate bending operations. This helps reduce production time, increase throughput, and minimize material waste. Additionally, advanced features such as CNC (Computer Numerical Control) systems allow for automated bending sequences, further enhancing productivity.

The brake press is a crucial tool in metal fabrication, providing precise bending capabilities for a variety of applications. Its specialties lie in its ability to achieve accurate bends, work with different materials and thicknesses, and offer versatility and efficiency in the metal fabrication process.


Engraving is a process of etching or incising a design onto a surface, typically through the use of specialized tools or equipment. It is a versatile technique used in various industries, including jewelry making, signage production, personalization, and artistic expression. Here are some key points about engraving:


1. Engraving Tools: Engraving can be done using a variety of tools, depending on the desired effect and the material being engraved. Traditional methods involve the use of handheld tools such as burins, gravers, or chisels, which are manually guided to create precise cuts and lines. Modern engraving techniques also utilize computer-controlled systems, including laser engraving machines and CNC routers, which offer greater precision and flexibility.


2. Materials: Engraving can be performed on a wide range of materials, including metals (such as gold, silver, brass, stainless steel), wood, glass, acrylic, stone, leather, and plastics. Different materials require specific engraving techniques and tools due to variations in hardness, density, and surface characteristics.


3. Applications: Engraving has numerous applications across various industries. It is commonly used for creating personalized items such as jewelry, trophies, nameplates, and gifts. In the manufacturing sector, engraving is utilized for branding, serial numbers, logos, and product identification. It is also employed in artistic pursuits, allowing artists to express their creativity through detailed designs and patterns on different surfaces.


4. Techniques: Different engraving techniques produce distinct effects. Line engraving involves creating fine lines and intricate patterns, while stipple engraving uses dots to form images and textures. Relief engraving creates raised designs by removing material around the design, while intaglio engraving involves cutting into the surface to create recessed designs. Each technique offers unique visual characteristics and is selected based on the desired outcome.


5. Precision and Detail: Engraving is valued for its ability to achieve intricate details and precise results. Whether it's capturing fine lettering, intricate patterns, or lifelike images, engraving allows for remarkable accuracy and clarity. With advancements in technology, computer-controlled engraving systems offer even greater precision, enabling complex designs and precise replication.

Engraving is a versatile and time-honored technique that adds a personal touch, decorative elements, or functional information to various objects and surfaces. It combines artistry, skill, and precision to create lasting impressions on a wide range of materials, making it an essential process in many industries and artistic endeavors.


At Valentine Industries, we take great pride in our craftsmanship and the transformative power of wood. Our range of exceptional metal services are designed to enhance the beauty and functionality of any space, leaving a lasting impression that stands the test of time. Material we can cut are,

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Image by Ant Rozetsky
Metallic Pieces


 The metal department have various advance machinery ‘Bystonic Laser Cutter’, Hydraulic Break press, milling and machining center and so on. A major percentage of the parts are ordered by aerospace companies like Frontier and Airworthy. Laser cutting machine can cut many metals and some of them are,

  • Cold rolled steel.

  • Stainless steel

  • Low carbon steel

  • Aluminum and so on.

Every metal that is being cut on the laser has different settings based on their properties, thickness and depth of cut. For example, to cut a material like aluminum which has a low melting point, we need the nozzle to travel at low speed so that the feed rate of the machine will be minimum. Gauges in metal refer to the thickness or diameter of the material. Different gauges offer varying levels of strength, flexibility, and suitability for applications. Here's an overview of some commonly used gauges in metal:

1. 22 Gauge: This is a relatively thin gauge and is commonly used for lightweight applications such as decorative elements, small brackets, and trim work. It offers flexibility and ease of manipulation.


2. 16-18 Gauge: These gauges are often used in general fabrication and can be found in a range of applications, including sheet metal work, automotive parts, and light structural components. They strike a balance between strength and workability.


3. 14 Gauge: Slightly thicker than the previous gauges, 14 gauge is suitable for applications that require increased strength and durability. It finds use in heavier fabrication projects like metal furniture frames and durable enclosures.


4. 10-12 Gauge: These gauges are on the thicker side and are often used for heavy-duty applications. They provide excellent structural integrity and are commonly found in the construction industry for tasks such as framing, support beams, and industrial machinery.


5. 5 Gauge: This is a significantly thick gauge and is reserved for heavy-duty industrial applications that require exceptional strength and resilience. It is typically used in construction, manufacturing, and infrastructure projects where maximum durability is essential. It's important to note that the specific gauge used in a project depends on factors such as the intended purpose, load-bearing requirements, and material properties. Consulting with a metal fabrication expert can help determine the most appropriate gauge for your specific needs, ensuring optimal performance and longevity.

Various metals can have different percentages of carbon, which greatly influence their properties and characteristics. Here are a few examples of metals with varying carbon percentages:


1. Carbon Steel: Carbon steel is primarily composed of iron and carbon, with carbon content typically ranging from 0.05% to 2.0%. The amount of carbon present determines the steel's hardness, strength, and ability to be heat-treated. Low-carbon steel (up to 0.3% carbon) is relatively soft and ductile, while high-carbon steel (0.6% to 2.0% carbon) is harder and more brittle.


2. Cast Iron: Cast iron is an alloy that contains iron, carbon, and typically between 2% and 4% carbon. The higher carbon content in cast iron makes it more brittle than steel but provides excellent heat retention and wear resistance. Cast iron is commonly used in applications such as engine blocks, pipes, and cookware.


3. Stainless Steel: Stainless steel is an alloy of iron, chromium, and varying amounts of carbon. The carbon content in stainless steel can range from very low (as low as 0.03%) to higher percentages (up to 1.2%). The addition of chromium provides corrosion resistance, while carbon content affects the steel's strength and workability.


4. Tool Steel: Tool steels are a group of high-carbon steels (ranging from 0.5% to 1.5% carbon) designed for tool and die applications. The high carbon content enhances hardness, wear resistance, and heat resistance, making tool steel ideal for cutting, shaping, and forming tools.


5. Wrought Iron: Wrought iron is an iron alloy with a very low carbon content (less than 0.08%). Its low carbon percentage makes it highly malleable and easily workable, allowing it to be forged and shaped into decorative elements, gates, and fences.

The carbon content in metals significantly affects their mechanical properties, such as hardness, strength, and ductility. Different percentages of carbon enable the production of metals suitable for various applications across industries, from construction and manufacturing to automotive and aerospace.

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